Names of God
FROM ADONAI TO YAHWEH, GOD HAS MANY NAMES AND TITLES AND THEY ALL ATTEST TO HIS NATURE, CHARACTER AND RELATIONSHIP TO US.
BELOW, YOU WILL FIND THE MOST COMMONLY REFERRED TO NAMES OF GOD WITH EXPLANATIONS AND HISTORY BEHIND EACH NAME GIVEN. WE PRAY THIS LIST, THOUGH NOT EXHAUSTIVE, GIVES THE READER BETTER INSIGHT INTO WHO THIS INDIVIDUAL GOD IS AND HIS ATTRIBUTES.
- ADONAI – This is a variation of the Hebrew word Adon and is transliterated in English as “Lord.” Adonai is used 439 times in the Bible. This word stresses God’s relationship to man as God being master, authoritarian, provider. We, as God’s servants, can expect Him (master) to rule over us, as we give Him our complete obedience. When we allow Him this position, we can expect Him to provide for all our needs without worry. Adonai is first used in Genesis 15:2 and is found used many times in Isaiah, Daniel (Chapter 9) and in Ezekiel.
- EL AND ELOHIM – the word EL is used about 238 times and Elohim is used about 2,600 times in the Bible when referencing God. El means there is only one true God and no other. Elohim is used to mean God the Creator and is the first name for God that appears in His Word. Genesis 1:1, Exodus 33:20, Joshua 24:19
- EL ELYON – means The Most High God. The term Elyon comes from the Hebrew root “al” and means to climb or ascend. The term often appears as just Elyon and stresses God’s strength and supremacy. Genesis 14:18-19, Psalm 7:17, Psalm 91:1
- EL SHADDAI - Lord God Almighty/All Sufficient One – this name occurs 7 times in the Old Testament. Some scholars believe that the word Shaddai is a derivative of a word meaning “mountain.” This would ascribe to God’s strength and power. Scholars also think the word Shaddai is derived from a word meaning “breast” and therefore, would speak of God as being our sustainer and nourisher. Genesis 17:1, Genesis 35:11, 48:3
- JEHOVAH - The Self-Existent One – Jehovah is the ever revealing one and this name is used many times in conjunction with another name and shows God who He is to His people.
- JEHOVAH NISSI – The Lord My Banner – this term occurs only once in the Bible and is found in Exodus 17:15. A banner for the Israelites was a pole that oftentimes had an insignia attached and it was a rallying point, if you will, for the soldiers going into battle. They used it as a point of focus for hope and encouragement. Just as with the Israelites, God is our focal point and we are to look to Him for our encouragement at all times.
- JEHOVAH RAPHA – The Lord That Heals – Rapha in Hebrew means to restore or heal. God is our Great Physician and can heal us of all things. God not only to heals us emotionally and physically, His Word tells us He will heal our “land.” Rapha means to restore something to its natural state. Psalm 103:2,Matthew 14:14, Exodus 15:26, 2 Chronicles 7:14
- JEHOVAH JIREH – The Lord Will Provide – God is our constant provider. Abraham found out what a mighty provider Jehovah was when God told him to go to Mt. Moriah. The Lord provided a ram that was offered up as a burnt offering because Abraham did not hold back from offering Isaac to the Lord. Abraham named the place The Lord Will Provide. Genesis 22:11-14
- JEHOVAH SHALOM – the word Shalom is a derivative of shalem, which means complete or sound and this term means Lord of peace. One of our greatest desires is to have peace but we can truly only have peace when we are in relationship with God and in turn have peace with God. Gideon (Judges 6:24) built an altar at Ophrah and named it Jehovah Shalom. Romans 16:20, Hebrews 13:20, Philippians 4:6-7
- JEHOVAH SABAOTH – The Lord Of Hosts – Sabaoth means armies or hosts. Sabaoth is found frequently in the books of Jeremiah and Isaiah. God is the Lord of Hosts over every spiritual and earthly army. 1Samuel 1:3, Isaiah 6:5, Hosea 12:5
- YAHWEH – (YHWH) – He is or He exists - Jewish tradition holds that the name of God was too holy to pronounce (they stopped saying this name in the third century and only wrote His name) and used the name Adonai in place of YHWH. Pronunciation of YHWH has since long been lost. Naturally, God would not have referred to Himself as “He is or He exists,” thus He told Moses, I AM.
- ANCIENT OF DAYS – This name for God implies that He has been in place and enthroned from the beginning of time. Ancient of Days is found three times in the Word: Daniel 7:9, 7:13, 7:22
- THE ALPHA AND OMEGA – This title tells us God is the First and the Last. From A-Z, He is the beginning and the end. Revelation 21:6, 22:13, Isaiah 41:4
- GOD - The history of the name “God” is not known. It was not used in ancient manuscripts either. Our word “God” supposedly goes back to Germanic origins and means “invoked one.” Nevertheless, we use it as a name for Supreme Being, Creator, The Eternal One. His name is Holy.
- I AM THAT I AM or I AM – God used this name at the burning bush to identify Himself to Moses. God is independent of any source or other existence and therefore is I AM. He was, in essence, telling Moses that He was self-sustaining, and the Creator, that He was Supreme and the Eternal One. When God says that “I AM,” He is referring to Himself in first person and He is attributing a more personal, self-identifying name to Himself. Exodus 3:13-14, 6:2, John 15:1,5
- GOD OF ABRAHAM, GOD OF ISAAC, AND GOD OF JACOB – Why did God choose three men who were no different from you and me to associate Himself with? Certainly, there is very deep meaning here, but in a nutshell, He chose these men and used them as examples to show us how He wants to use his children to accomplish His will. These men served as examples of obedience, faithfulness and had willing hearts to do the things God commanded of them. God made a covenant with Abram and promises were made to him and his descendants if God’s commands were satisfied. God’s promises are also for you but as with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, their fulfillment is based on our execution of obedience to His requirements in order to receive them. Exodus 3:6, Matthew 22:32 and Acts 3:13
Here are several more titles for God:
Prince of Peace – Isaiah 9:6
Messiah – John 4:25
Immanuel – Isaiah 7:14
Lion of the Tribe of Judah – Revelation 5:5
The Bright and Morning Star – Revelation 22:16
Horn of Salvation – Luke 1:69
A Star Out of Jacob – Numbers 24:17
King of Kings and Lord of Lords – Revelation 17:14, 19:16